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In October and November Perseus will be visible low on the horizon in the north-east around 8pm, by 3am the constellation will be directly overhead before moving towards the north-western horizon. It is the the 24th largest constellation in the sky, occupying an area of 615 square degrees. However, the constellation itself is not a source for the meteors. The constellation of Perseus is located in the northern celestial hemisphere. In case of very large constellations The two stars are suspected to be physically associated because they share the same proper motion and are on a similar trajectory. list of 161 stars brighter than magnitude 6.5 (approximate) NGC 1333 is a reflection nebula and a star-forming region in Perseus, located in the Perseus molecular cloud. It is prominent from dark sites, having 16 stars of fourth magnitude or brighter. (AU)—five percent of the distance between the Earth and Sun; the main dip in brightness arises when the larger fainter companion passes in front of the hotter brighter primary. Gamma Persei is a double star with a combined visual magnitude of 2.93, approximately 243 light-years distant from Earth. Perseus is a mid-sized constellation with a total area of 615 square degrees. It is one of the 48 ancient constellations listed by the 2nd-century astronomer Ptolemy, and among the 88 modern constellations defined by the International Astronomical Union (IAU). And check out these free astronomy apps you can download on your phone. Your guide to the Solar System and the night sky. The constellation of Perseus is located in the northern celestial hemisphere. Key Facts & Summary. our Online Interactive Planetarium. Perseus is one of the oldest constellations, having been cataloged by the Greek astronomer Ptolemy in the second century, and it has more than one attraction for stargazers. Perseus is also bordered by Aries and Taurus to the south, Aurigato the e… This constellation contains the notable The constellation Perseus is shown in the image and parts of last months Cassiopeiaright above (). The list includes objects from the Perseus is located in the first quadrant of the northern hemisphere (NQ1), and it is prominent during the northern hemisphere’s spring. The Perseus constellation is in the center of a lot of famous constellations such as Taurus and Aries in the south. Alternatively it is possible to locate Perseus in the night sky using Within the Perseus Arm lies two open clusters (, have been discovered in this cluster due to its age; since brown dwarfs cool as they age, it is easier to find them in younger clusters, In good conditions, it appears as a blurry patch slightly north of the line from, AstroBackyard | Astrophotography Tips and Tutorials 2020. There are lots of notable deep-sky objects (star clusters, nebulae and galaxies) in Perseus to enjoy, such as the Alpha Persei Cluster, which is visible to the naked eye as a group of blue stars, and at just 60 million years old is astronomically speaking very young . The Kappa Persei system consists of a spectroscopic binary star and a companion in a wider orbit. The nebula was originally assigned two catalog numbers, NGC 650 and NGC 651, because it was believed to consist of two different emission nebulae. Perseus constellation lies in the northern sky, next to Andromeda. This makes it the 24th largest constellation in the night sky. It is bordered by Aries and Taurus to the south, Auriga to the east, Camelopardalis and Cassiopeia to the north, and Andromeda and Triangulum to the west. The constellation resides in a part of the sky where much of the royal family now lives. The constellation Lacerta, the Lizard , was invented in 1690 by Polish astronomer Johannes Hevelius from otherwise unassigned stars between Cepheus and Pegasus. The celestial hero Perseus boarders the constellations Aries and Taurus to the south, Auriga to the east, Cassiopeia to the north, and the Andromeda galaxy to the west.. Perseus occupies an area of 615 square degrees. Perseus is the 24th largest constellation in the northern sky, named after the Greek mythological hero Perseus.. brightest stars in the Perseus constellation. The star is a rapid rotator, with a projected velocity of 190 km s–1. It can be found in NQ1, the first quadrant in the northern hemisphere. Listed Below are a few of these particular stars beginning with Perseus’ most renowned star Beta Persei. Each cluster contains more than 300 supergiant stars. The Perseus Constellation. Photo by Trevor Jones. It is approximately 590 light-years distant. The Spitzer image of the Perseus Molecular Cloud superposed on a much area of the sky in visible light, with constellations marked. Perseus carrying the head of Medusa the Gorgon, as depicted in Urania’s Mirror. There are lots of notable deep-sky objects (star clusters, nebulae and galaxies) in Perseus to enjoy, such as the Alpha Persei Cluster, which is visible to the naked eye as a group of blue stars, and at just 60 million years old is astronomically speaking very young . It belongs to the Perseus family, which includes Andromeda, Auriga, Cassiopeia, Cepheus, Cetus, Lacerta, Pegasus, and Triangulum. Psi Persei is a shell star, which means that it is surrounded by a disc of gas at the equator line. Perseus is a constellation in the northern sky, being named after the Greek mythological hero Perseus. is the third brightest star in the constellation. Eta Persei belongs to the spectral class K3 and is approximately 1331 light-years distant from the solar system. It is very difficult to observe visually because its low surface brightness makes it appear dimmer than most other emission nebulae. The debris comes into our atmosphere at 133,200 mph (214,400 km per hour) and burns up forming the, shower. The table below is a complete list of all the 152 deep sky objects belonging to the Messier, New General Catalogue (NGC) and Index Catalogue (IC) catalogues that are present in the Perseus constellation. is a supergiant star belonging to the spectral class F5 Ib. The Perseus Constellation is the 24 th largest constellation in the sky, and it stretches for 615 square degrees. I have personally photographed a number of deep-sky objects in the constellation Perseus using a camera and telescope. (like Perseus actually is) these times can have little relevance. Click on each row to view the object complete details. Deep sky objects in Perseus - Full list. Perseus constellation is one of the larger constellations, the 24 th out of the 88 modern constellations. Its traditional name, Menkib, means “the shoulder” in Arabic. The Algol system emits x-rays and radio wave flares. Perseus is one of the 48 ancient constellations named by the second-century astronomer Ptolemy. The star has a relatively high proper motion. However, only two of these are prominent from light-polluted locations: Mirfak and Algol . The star’s traditional names, Mirfak or Algenib, is Arabic for elbow. It was first catalogued by the Greek astronomer Ptolemy in the 2nd century. The California Nebula captured using a 135mm Camera Lens (Rokinon 135mm F/2). The celestial hero Perseus boarders the constellations Aries and Taurus to the south, Auriga to the east, Cassiopeia to the north, and the Andromeda galaxy to the west. From the meteors’ trajectory, the shower appears to originate from the Perseus constellation. Timezone: Europe/London, Perseus is circumpolar and transits at 21:31 UTC (altitude: 83.1°). It has a visual magnitude of 3.76 and is about 35,000 times more luminous than the Sun. Their ages are estimated at 3.2 and 5.6 million years making them young. Other bright members of the cluster include Delta, Epsilon, and Psi Persei. The two main components in the Epsilon Persei system orbit each other with a period of 14 days. It is notable for being home to supernova SN 2006gy, a supernova event in 2006 that was the second brightest object ever recorded. It is the fourth brightest star in Perseus. Cassiopeia: The Most Beautiful Constellation To The Night Sky. Beta Persei is also referred to as Algol, from the Arabic Ra’s al-Ghul, meaning The Demon’s Head. Click on each star to see more details about it. NGC 1275 is located at the heart of the Perseus Cluster. The star can be seen without binoculars. Although there are many stars within the constellation of Perseus, there are roughly 17 stars that constitute the outline of the constellation. deep sky objects in the Perseus constellation. It belongs to the spectral class B5 III, which makes it a blue-white giant star. IAU and Sky & Telescope. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Perseus (constellation) This page was last changed on 17 November 2014, at 12:13. Omicron Persei is another spectroscopic double in Perseus. In mid of December Perseus culminates at 22:00 LT (10 pm). Menkib belongs to the spectral class O7.5III. The galaxy is a powerful source of radio emission and x-rays, and is believed to have a supermassive black hole at its centre. Perseus Constellation Perseus is easily visible in the night sky due to the brightness of its stars. It is home to thousands of galaxies and one of the most massive objects known in the universe. From the meteors’ trajectory, the shower appears to. It is a K0 III class star with a visual magnitude of 3.8. The star system is the prototype of a group of eclipsing, However, it has a third member making it a triple, which is 3.5 times as massive and 180 times as luminous as the. in the constellation of Perseus, complete Perseus constellation is a unique star’s formation. It is also known as Messier 76, the Cork Nebula, and the Barbell Nebula. The system is 36.6 light-years distant. Directly above Perseus is the constellation Cassiopeia, named after the famous Queen in Greek mythology. Gamma Persei is composed of a giant of the spectral type G9 III and a companion star. See also the complete The rise and set times provided here are just directional indications and they refer to a point The star’s estimated age is about 440 million years. The debris comes into our atmosphere at 133,200 mph (214,400 km per hour) and burns up forming the meteor shower. Even though Algol A is more massive, it is still on the main sequence, while Algol B is less massive yet already in the subgiant evolutionary stage. It is about 47,000 times more luminous than the Sun. The constellation Perseus, the hero, can be seen in late summer and autumn in the northern hemisphere. See also the complete list of 152 deep sky objects It is visible in northerly areas of the Southern hemisphere from mid spring to early summer. Perseus occupies an area of 615 square degrees. New General Catalogue (NGC) In 1612, Dutch astronomer Petrus Plancius created the constellation Camelopardalis, the Giraffe, from a jumble of faint stars between Ursa Major and Perseus. The best known telescope targets include the North America Nebula (NGC 7000), the Crescent Nebula (NGC 6888), the Blinking Planetary Nebula (NGC 6826), and the Fireworks Galaxy (NGC 6946).. Cygnus, the northernmost of the September constellations, represents the Swan. The Perseus Constellation Perseus is the 24th largest constellation in the northern sky, named after the Greek mythological hero Perseus. https://sciencing.com/find-perseus-constellation-4486303.html If you find this website useful please consider a small donation that will help covering hosting costs. It is an emission nebula in Perseus, about 1000 light-years distant. If you live in the Northern Hemisphere, simply look above the northeastern horizon to … Perseus constellation is one of the larger constellations, the 24 th out of the 88 modern constellations. It has an apparent magnitude of 2.86 and is approximately 750 light-years distant. This segment is towards the rim of the galaxy. The galactic plane of the Milky Way passes through Perseus. The star system is the prototype of a group of eclipsing binary stars named Algol variables. Perseus, the Hero: Per: Persei: Sky Chart and Artist Rendering of Perseus. The table below lists Perseus is bordered by Andromeda , Aries , Auriga , Camelopardalis , Cassiopeia , Taurus and Triangulum . Perseus, constellation in the northern sky at about 4 hours right ascension and 40° north in declination. Perseus is best spotted in the northern hemisphere’s fall and winter sky. Location: Greenwich, United Kingdom [change] The primary star in the system is classified as a Beta Cephei. from 3.5 to 2.3 over a period of 2.867 days. Both clusters are moving toward us, at a speed of 21 and 22 km/s. Notable Deep Sky Objects. For instance: The constellation is fairly faint and difficult to see in light-polluted areas. During the peak, the rate of meteors reaches 60 or more per hour. Mirfak (Algenib) – α Persei (Alpha Persei). (in fact it extends itself for about 38 degrees across the sky) situated north of the celestial equator. The constellation is named for the Greek mythological hero and demigod Perseus, known for slaying the Gorgon Medusa. The, It is one of the most reliable celestial shows that has been observed for about 2,000 years. It contains several blue stars, the brightest one of which is Mirfak, Alpha Persei. Alpha Persei Cluster (Melotte 20, Collinder 39). In good conditions, it appears as a blurry patch slightly north of the line from Algol to Gamma Andromedae. The Perseids are associated with the comet Swift-Tuttle, a periodic comet that has an orbital period of about 133 years. Thank you! Alpha Persei has 7.3 solar masses and is about 60 times the size of the Sun. The system is a wide eclipsing binary star, with the two stars orbiting each other every 14.6 years. Rho Persei is five times as massive as the Sun and has a radius 150 times solar. The Latin genitive of the constellation name is "Persei" (pronounced ˈpɜːrsiaɪ) 23 Persei (the 23th star in the constellation of Perseus based on the Flamsteed catalog). Perseus is one of the larger northern constellations. Iota Persei is a main sequence dwarf of the spectral type G0 V.  It has a visual magnitude of 4.05 and is 34.38 light-years distant from the Sun. It is the brightest star in the Perseus constellation. (*) HR stands for Harvard Revised Bright Star Catalogue, which is also known as the Yale Catalogue of Bright Stars. It moves at the speed of 92 km/s relative to the Sun. Perseus is the 24 th largest constellation in the sky, out of the 88 modern constellations, stretching for around 615 square degrees. Constellations associated with the myth of Perseus. The. The discovery of Algol’s binary nature and a closer look at its components shook one of the fundamental beliefs in stellar evolution, which says that stars’ rates of evolution depend on their mass. NGC 1275 is the dominant galaxy in the Perseus Cluster. Photo by Trevor Jones. This constellation image is derivatve work based on original work Beta Persei is located 92.8 light-years from Earth. (The Roche lobe is the space around a star in a binary system within which orbiting material is gravitationally bound to the star. The two orbit each other with a period of 4.5 days. The star belongs to the spectral type M4 II, which means that it has reached the asymptotic giant branch stage of evolution, and is near the tip of the red giant branch. Notable Deep Sky Objects. Latitude: 51° 28’ 47” N The Perseus Arm is a spiral arm of the Milky Way galaxy and stretches across the sky from the constellation Cassiopeia through Perseus and Auriga to Gemini and Monoceros. It can vary in apparent magnitude from 3.5 to 2.3 over a period of 2.867 days. From mid-northern latitudes, the constellation Perseus, the stars Capella and Aldebaran, and the Pleiades cluster light up the northeast sky in the wee hours after midnight on … Many brown dwarfs have been discovered in this cluster due to its age; since brown dwarfs cool as they age, it is easier to find them in younger clusters. This is because the more massive star-filled its Roche lobe when it became a subgiant and most of its mass was transferred to the other star. Delta Persei is a binary star with a visual magnitude of 3.01, approximately 520 light-years distant. Messier, 10 Best Places To Visit in Ethiopia. It has a surface temperature of 37,000 kelvins. The constellation is best known for … The … It can be seen in the northern sky, next to Andromeda Constellation. It consists of a giant star of the spectral type B1 and a dwarf belonging to the class B3. Now is a good time to find the constellations based on the Greek myth of Perseus. This segment is towards the rim of the galaxy. It is the the 24th largest constellation in the sky, occupying an area of 615 square degrees. Directly above Perseus is the constellation Cassiopeia, named after the famous Queen in Greek mythology. approximately placed at the center of the constellation. of a large constellation Perseus is the 24th largest constellation in the night sky and it lies in the first quadrant of the northern hemisphere. It is one of the 48 ancient constellations listed by the 2nd-century astronomer Ptolemy, and is part of the 88 modern constellations defined by the International Astronomical Union (IAU). Ethiopia’s role in the story of the Almighty God; Maaza Mengiste’s “The … Perseus is the 24 th largest constellation in the sky, out of the 88 modern constellations, stretching for around 615 square degrees.. Perseus is located in the first quadrant of the northern hemisphere (NQ1), and it is prominent during the northern hemisphere’s spring. The star’s traditional name, Gorgonea Tertia, refers to the myth of Perseus and the Gorgons. With a magnitude of 1.8, its brightest star is Mirfak (from the Arabic for “the elbow”), which is also known as Algenib (from the Arabic for “the side”). the top 20 Zeta Persei is the third brightest star in the constellation. The secondary star belongs in the spectral range between A6 V and K1 V and is much smaller than the primary component. Perseus, named after the Greek mythological hero Perseus, is a constellation in the northern sky. The Perseus Cluster is a cluster of galaxies located in Perseus constellation. It is a rapid rotator, with an estimated rotational velocity of 390 km/s or more along the equator. 3C 83.1B is a radio galaxy in Perseus, located in the Perseus Cluster. The California Nebula got its name because it resembles the outline of California on a map in long exposure photographs. The Perseus Constellation is the 24 th largest constellation in the sky, and it stretches for 615 square degrees. Epsilon Persei is composed of several stars. Little Dumbbell Nebula – Messier 76 (M76, NGC 650 & NGC 651). The brighter dwarf has an apparent magnitude of 4.12 and the companion of 10. list of 161 stars brighter than magnitude 6.5 (approximate) Perseus is a mid-sized constellation with a total area of 615 square degrees. Rho Persei is visible to the naked eye. However, it has a third member making it a triple star system. You can use an online star chart tool like Stellarium to find the constellation’s exact location. Deep sky objects in Perseus - Full list. It is one of the most reliable celestial shows that has been observed for about 2,000 years. They can be seen all across the sky; however, because of the shower's radiant in the constellation of Perseus, the Perseids are primarily visible in the Northern Hemisphere. Perseus is situated in the northern hemisphere in the first quadrant (NQ 1) and is visible at latitudes betwixt +90 degrees and -35 degrees. 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