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... of most Muhajirs – Muslim refugees that arrived from different parts of India after the independence of Pakistan in 1947, and that form nearly 8% of Pakistan's population – and is an acquired language by nearly all of Pakistan's native ethnic groups. Population density in Pakistan. In his last message to the nation on 14th August, 1948 he told the nation: “The foundation of your state have been laid and it is now for you to build and build as quickly as you can”. But even more has been written about the blunders committed in the prosecution of the India-Pakistan war over Kashmir in 1947-48 — notable is the reference to the United Nations by Jawaharlal Nehru at the time when India was gaining momentum in the war. Therefore, it was unable to feed 30 million people and was dependent on PL-480 imports from the USA. The countries have fought three wars since independence, and each claims the territory of Kashmir. Again, the leadership had to resort to public buildings and barracks – refugee and aid camps were set up and sustenance was given to the refugees. Choice of Capital City and Establishment of Government . 5. In 1947, Pakistan had 30 million people with per capita income of 100$. 3. Canal water and trade issues . The Indus River begins in the Tibetan Plateau and cuts through the country’s eastern half. When Pakistan came into being, it was a heterogeneous inception of different languages including Urdu, Sindhi, Punjabi, Balochi and Pashto – along with Bengali. Pakistan’s primary geographic challenge arises from its borders, which do not correspond to natural geographic boundaries. At Partition in 1947 his family moved to Karachi. While the states’ geographical integration into Pakistan was complete, a more thorough social integration was yet to happen. 3. As indicated by the titles of several recent books, it has become commonplace to argue that Pakistan is ‘in search of identity’ (Ali 2009, Jaffrelot 2002, Shaikh 2009). Poonch had been secured. From thereon, Pakistan has come a long way. Since the origin of Pakistan in 1947, the democratic state is facing and struggling for its existence and preserving its internal security on the world-level. The creation of Pakistan started a new era of problems for Pakistan… but finally muslims were successful in getting their separate Homeland. 1. ... which is not in continuity. Pakistan had to build its administration from the start and officers were brought in specially from Delhi. The majority of southern Pakistan's population lives along the Indus River. What geographical problems did Pakistan encounter as a new country in 1947? They fought three wars over it in1948, 1965, and 1999, but have not been able to resolve it. At the beginning of December 1947, India and Pakistan mutually came to an agreement that Pakistan would get Rupees 750 million as her share. On September 15, 1947, the Nawab acceded to Pakistan, despite the fact that his state did not fall within the geographical grouping of Pakistan. Section Reference 1: The Geopolitics of Modern South Asia Since its birth, it has been frequently dared by numerous groups on the basis of nationalism, regionalism, religious principle and political system. The canal water dispute started when the Indian government, despite their claims not to interfere in the water supply, stopped the supply of the Firozpur headwork in East Punjab to the Bari Doab Canal in West Punjab. What effects on Pakistani politics due to Bangladesh's existence? Pakistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country in South Asia.It is the world's fifth-most populous country with a population exceeding 212.2 million. 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