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As such, it is more easily visible from the northern hemisphere. our Online Interactive Planetarium. Both clusters are moving toward us, at a speed of 21 and 22 km/s. It is the the 24th largest constellation in the sky, occupying an area of 615 square degrees. I have personally photographed a number of deep-sky objects in the constellation Perseus using a camera and telescope. The star has a 9th magnitude companion located 12.9 arc seconds away. The system is 36.6 light-years distant. It has an apparent magnitude of 2.86 and is approximately 750 light-years distant. From mid-northern latitudes, the constellation Perseus, the stars Capella and Aldebaran, and the Pleiades cluster light up the northeast sky in the wee hours after midnight on … It is located in a star cluster known as the Alpha Persei Cluster, which can be seen in binoculars. Epsilon Persei is composed of several stars. The Perseus molecular cloud is a giant molecular cloud, or stellar nursery, located about 600 light-years from the solar system. It is very difficult to observe visually because its low surface brightness makes it appear dimmer than most other emission nebulae. The list includes objects from the The Latin genitive of the constellation name is "Persei" (pronounced ˈpɜːrsiaɪ) It belongs to the Perseus family, which includes Andromeda, Auriga, Cassiopeia, Cepheus, Cetus, Lacerta, Pegasus, and Triangulum. It is located in the first quadrant of the northern hemisphere (NQ1) and can be seen at latitudes between +90° and -35°. Timezone: Europe/London, Perseus is circumpolar and transits at 21:31 UTC (altitude: 83.1°). Theta Persei is a star system composed of a yellow dwarf of the spectral type F7V and a red dwarf belonging to the class M1V, located about 250 astronomical units from the primary star. The star system is the prototype of a group of eclipsing binary stars named Algol variables. The celestial hero Perseus boarders the constellations, to the south, Auriga to the east, Cassiopeia to the north, and the, It is one of the 48 ancient constellations listed by the 2nd-century, Perseus is best spotted in the northern hemisphere’s fall and winter sky. Perseus (pronounced ˈpɜːrsiəs, -sjuːs) is the Latin name It can be found in NQ1, the first quadrant in the northern hemisphere. The galactic plane of the Milky Way passes through Perseus. Most of the images on this website were captured by myself from a Bortle Scale class 6 backyard. Menkib belongs to the spectral class O7.5III. It spans more than 100,000 light-years. Omicron Persei is between 1000 and 1600 light-years distant from the solar system and has an apparent magnitude of 3.83. It is the brightest star in the Perseus constellation. Perseus is bordered by Andromeda , Aries , Auriga , Camelopardalis , Cassiopeia , Taurus and Triangulum . The constellation that you can easily see in the northern sky on a winter day after sunset. It is the brightest star in the Perseus constellation. α Persei (the brightest star of Perseus based on the Bayer catalog); or This segment is towards the rim of the galaxy. Rho Persei is visible to the naked eye. constellations: Aries Taurus Auriga Camelopardalis Cassiopeia ... Perseus is a constellation in the northern sky. The constellation Cassiopeia is M- or W-shaped, ascending in the northeast on Northern Hemisphere autumn evenings. The. in the constellation of Perseus. Beta Persei is also referred to as Algol, from the Arabic Ra’s al-Ghul, meaning The Demon’s Head. Kappa Persei is a triple star system about 112 light-years away. Perseus is one of the oldest constellations, having been cataloged by the Greek astronomer Ptolemy in the second century, and it has more than one attraction for stargazers. Many brown dwarfs have been discovered in this cluster due to its age; since brown dwarfs cool as they age, it is easier to find them in younger clusters. Perseus is the 24th largest constellation in the northern sky, named after the Greek mythological hero Perseus. Of course, many of the constellation names are more modern -- Telescopium, the telescope, being a rather obvious newcomer. The star system is the prototype of a group of eclipsing, However, it has a third member making it a triple, which is 3.5 times as massive and 180 times as luminous as the. It is the fourth brightest star in Perseus. The discovery of Algol’s binary nature and a closer look at its components shook one of the fundamental beliefs in stellar evolution, which says that stars’ rates of evolution depend on their mass. In mid of December Perseus culminates at 22:00 LT (10 pm). The table below is a complete list of all the 152 deep sky objects belonging to the Messier, New General Catalogue (NGC) and Index Catalogue (IC) catalogues that are present in the Perseus constellation. Perseus is the 24 th largest constellation in the sky, out of the 88 modern constellations, stretching for around 615 square degrees. It is an emission nebula in Perseus, about 1000 light-years distant. deep sky objects in the Perseus constellation. 3C 83.1B is a radio galaxy in Perseus, located in the Perseus Cluster. Perseus is visible from August to March in the Northern hemisphere. list of 161 stars brighter than magnitude 6.5 (approximate) This constellation image is derivatve work based on original work The best known telescope targets include the North America Nebula (NGC 7000), the Crescent Nebula (NGC 6888), the Blinking Planetary Nebula (NGC 6826), and the Fireworks Galaxy (NGC 6946).. Cygnus, the northernmost of the September constellations, represents the Swan. It can vary in apparent magnitude from 3.5 to 2.3 over a period of 2.867 days. The star can be seen without binoculars. The star’s traditional names, Mirfak or Algenib, is Arabic for elbow. 23 Persei (the 23th star in the constellation of Perseus based on the Flamsteed catalog). See also the complete list of 152 deep sky objects It has a visual magnitude of 4.310 and is approximately 580 light-years distant. It moves at the speed of 92 km/s relative to the Sun. Its host is the elliptical galaxy NGC 1265. You can use an online star chart tool like Stellarium to find the constellation’s exact location. It's the center from which the annual Perseid meteor shower, a midsummer spectacle in the Northern Hemisphere, radiates. It has a surface temperature of 37,000 kelvins. From the meteors’ trajectory, the shower appears to. Perseus constellation star map. Perseus is the 24th largest constellation in the night sky and it lies in the first quadrant of the northern hemisphere. Perseus (The Hero) Constellation Perseus (pronounced ˈpɜːrsiəs, -sjuːs) is the Latin name of a large constellation (in fact it extends itself for about 38 degrees across the sky) situated north of the celestial equator. It is located near several other constellations named after ancient Greek legends surrounding Perseus, including Andromeda to the west and Cassiopeia to the north. The astrophotography cameras I use vary, from a DSLR camera to a one-shot-color dedicated astronomy camera. The primary component is a main-sequence star belonging to the spectral type B0.5V. Perseus, constellation in the northern sky at about 4 hours right ascension and 40° north in declination. Perseus is bordered by Andromeda , Aries , Auriga , Camelopardalis , Cassiopeia , Taurus and Triangulum . If the star expands beyond this region, the material can escape its gravitational pull.). There are lots of notable deep-sky objects (star clusters, nebulae and galaxies) in Perseus to enjoy, such as the Alpha Persei Cluster, which is visible to the naked eye as a group of blue stars, and at just 60 million years old is astronomically speaking very young . list of 161 stars brighter than magnitude 6.5 (approximate) It is visible in northerly areas of the Southern hemisphere from mid spring to early summer. Perseus holds the twenty-fourth position in the sky regarding size and occupies an area of 615 square degrees which is quite large. It is one of the 48 ancient constellations listed by the 2nd-century astronomer Ptolemy, and among the 88 modern constellations defined by the International Astronomical Union (IAU). The California Nebula got its name because it resembles the outline of California on a map in long exposure photographs. It is 2,290 times more luminous. Perseus is situated in the northern hemisphere in the first quadrant (NQ 1) and is visible at latitudes betwixt +90 degrees and -35 degrees. Click on each row to view the object complete details. The two orbit each other with a period of 4.5 days. Origin: Perseus is a very old fall/winter constellation. 10 Best Places To Visit in Ethiopia. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech Each year the Perseid meteor shower appears to radiate from the Perseus constellation during the months of July through August. The Perseus Constellation. Omicron Persei is another spectroscopic double in Perseus. The nebula was originally assigned two catalog numbers, NGC 650 and NGC 651, because it was believed to consist of two different emission nebulae. are associated with the comet Swift-Tuttle, a periodic comet that has an orbital period of about 133 years. In the case of the Perseids, the radiant lies in the constellation Perseus in the northern sky. This makes it the 24th largest constellation in the night sky. The constellation is fairly faint and difficult to see in light-polluted areas. The constellation Perseus, the hero, can be seen in late summer and autumn in the northern hemisphere. The galactic plane of the Milky Way passes through Perseus but is much less obvious than elsewhere in the sky as it is mostly obscured by molecular clouds. The Kappa Persei system consists of a spectroscopic binary star and a companion in a wider orbit. and it is used to identify some of the brightest stars in this constellation based on the Bayer or Flamsteed star naming convention. The star’s estimated age is about 440 million years. Mirfak (Algenib) – α Persei (Alpha Persei). It is home to thousands of galaxies and one of the most massive objects known in the universe. It could be seen throughout the year between +90° and -35°. The Perseus Constellation is the 24 th largest constellation in the sky, and it stretches for 615 square degrees. The California Nebula captured using a 135mm Camera Lens (Rokinon 135mm F/2). The constellation is best known for … In the Northern Hemisphere, look to the fall and winter sky after sundown, and you'll see the Perseus constellation. It can be found in NQ1, the first quadrant in the northern hemisphere. Sometimes known as h and Chi (χ) Persei, respectively, they are easily visible through binoculars and small telescopes. in the constellation of Perseus, complete Photo by Trevor Jones. (*) HR stands for Harvard Revised Bright Star Catalogue, which is also known as the Yale Catalogue of Bright Stars. It can be seen in the northern sky, next to Andromeda Constellation. It is notable for being home to supernova SN 2006gy, a supernova event in 2006 that was the second brightest object ever recorded. It could be seen throughout the year between +90° and -35°. Eta Persei belongs to the spectral class K3 and is approximately 1331 light-years distant from the solar system. It contains several blue stars, the brightest one of which is Mirfak, Alpha Persei. Perseus is best spotted in the northern hemisphere’s fall and winter sky. (AU)—five percent of the distance between the Earth and Sun; the main dip in brightness arises when the larger fainter companion passes in front of the hotter brighter primary. It is approximately 590 light-years distant. Alternatively it is possible to locate Perseus in the night sky using Zeta Persei is the third brightest star in the constellation. During the peak, the rate of meteors reaches 60 or more per hour. Perseus constellation is one of the larger constellations, the 24 th out of the 88 modern constellations. (The Roche lobe is the space around a star in a binary system within which orbiting material is gravitationally bound to the star. Key Facts & Summary. It is a rapid rotator, with an estimated rotational velocity of 390 km/s or more along the equator. The Little Dumbbell Nebula is a planetary nebula in Perseus. Perseus Constellation Perseus is easily visible in the night sky due to the brightness of its stars. NGC 1333 is a reflection nebula and a star-forming region in Perseus, located in the Perseus molecular cloud. Zeta Persei is a blue-white, passes through Perseus but is much less obvious than elsewhere in the sky as it is mostly obscured by, is a spiral arm of the Milky Way galaxy and stretches across the sky from the constellation. Here we provide a simplified sky chart of the Perseus constellation. Perseus is also bordered by Aries and Taurus to the south, Aurigato the e… Perseus is one of the larger northern constellations. Its two brightest stars are Mirfak and Algol. Perseus constellation lies in the northern sky, next to Andromeda. Photo by Trevor Jones. The shower is caused by Earth’s passage through debris left over from this comet, which last passed closely by Earth in 1992. Perseus is the 24 th largest constellation in the sky, out of the 88 modern constellations, stretching for around 615 square degrees.. Perseus is located in the first quadrant of the northern hemisphere (NQ1), and it is prominent during the northern hemisphere’s spring. It is about 47,000 times more luminous than the Sun. Beta Persei is located 92.8 light-years from Earth. It is a K0 III class star with a visual magnitude of 3.8. The constellation resides in a part of the sky where much of the royal family now lives. Alpha Persei is a supergiant star belonging to the spectral class F5 Ib. NGC 1275 is located at the heart of the Perseus Cluster. In good conditions, it appears as a blurry patch slightly north of the line from Algol to Gamma Andromedae. From mid-northern latitudes, the constellation Perseus, the stars Capella and Aldebaran, and the Pleiades cluster light up the northeast sky in the wee hours after midnight on … It is the the 24th largest constellation in the sky, occupying an area of 615 square degrees. The table below lists It is visible at latitudes between 90 degrees and -35 degrees. from 3.5 to 2.3 over a period of 2.867 days. The table below is a complete list of all the 152 deep sky objects belonging to the Messier, New General Catalogue (NGC) and Index Catalogue (IC) catalogues that are present in the Perseus constellation. The secondary star belongs in the spectral range between A6 V and K1 V and is much smaller than the primary component. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Perseus (constellation) This page was last changed on 17 November 2014, at 12:13. It is approximately 590 light-years distant. Directly above Perseus is the constellation Cassiopeia, named after the famous Queen in Greek mythology. The Perseus Arm is a spiral arm of the Milky Way galaxy and stretches across the sky from the constellation Cassiopeia through Perseus and Auriga to Gemini and Monoceros. However, the constellation itself is not a source for the meteors. Perseus is one of the 48 ancient constellations named by the second-century astronomer Ptolemy. Cassiopeia: The Most Beautiful Constellation To The Night Sky. The Algol system emits x-rays and radio wave flares. The brighter dwarf has an apparent magnitude of 4.12 and the companion of 10. It has a visual magnitude of 3.76 and is about 35,000 times more luminous than the Sun. https://sciencing.com/find-perseus-constellation-4486303.html However, it has a third member making it a triple star system. The celestial hero Perseus boarders the constellations Aries and Taurus to the south, Auriga to the east, Cassiopeia to the north, and the Andromeda galaxy to the west.. Perseus occupies an area of 615 square degrees. They can be seen all across the sky; however, because of the shower's radiant in the constellation of Perseus, the Perseids are primarily visible in the Northern Hemisphere. Its traditional name, Menkib, means “the shoulder” in Arabic. is a supergiant star belonging to the spectral class F5 Ib. It can be seen in the northern sky, next to Andromeda Constellation. NGC 1260 is a spiral galaxy. Perseus is located in the first quadrant of the northern hemisphere (NQ1), and it is prominent during the northern hemisphere’s spring. The nebula to its upper left is the California Nebula, and below it is the Pleiades star cluster. Gamma Persei is a double star with a combined visual magnitude of 2.93, approximately 243 light-years distant from Earth. If you live in the Northern Hemisphere, simply look above the northeastern horizon to … Messier 34 is an open cluster with a visual magnitude of 5.5, approximately 1,500 light-years distant. Alpha Persei has 7.3 solar masses and is about 60 times the size of the Sun. Psi Persei is a shell star, which means that it is surrounded by a disc of gas at the equator line. The star is a rapid rotator, with a projected velocity of 190 km s–1. The debris comes into our atmosphere at 133,200 mph (214,400 km per hour) and burns up forming the, shower. list of 152 deep sky objects in the constellation of Perseus. The Double Cluster (Caldwell 14, NGC 869 & NGC 884). The constellation Perseus is shown in the image and parts of last months Cassiopeiaright above (). Perseus is the 24th largest constellation in the northern sky, named after the Greek mythological hero Perseus.. Location. From the meteors’ trajectory, the shower appears to originate from the Perseus constellation. The Double Cluster in Perseus. See also the complete Within the Perseus Arm lies two open clusters (, have been discovered in this cluster due to its age; since brown dwarfs cool as they age, it is easier to find them in younger clusters, In good conditions, it appears as a blurry patch slightly north of the line from, AstroBackyard | Astrophotography Tips and Tutorials 2020. The table below lists Even though Algol A is more massive, it is still on the main sequence, while Algol B is less massive yet already in the subgiant evolutionary stage. However, only two of these are prominent from light-polluted locations: Mirfak and Algol . Rho Persei is five times as massive as the Sun and has a radius 150 times solar. The Spitzer image of the Perseus Molecular Cloud superposed on a much area of the sky in visible light, with constellations marked. IAU and Sky & Telescope. Location: Greenwich, United Kingdom [change] In fact, by the 19th century the night sky had become crowded with overlapping and often contradictory constellation boundaries and names as different schools of astronomy prepared their own versions of star maps. of a large constellation The Perseus Cluster is a cluster of galaxies located in Perseus constellation. The two main components in the Epsilon Persei system orbit each other with a period of 14 days. Perseus is a mid-sized constellation with a total area of 615 square degrees. the 20 brightest Key Facts & Summary. Xi Persei is a blue giant with a visual magnitude of 4.042, approximately 1800 light-years distant from the Sun. The galaxy is a powerful source of radio emission and x-rays, and is believed to have a supermassive black hole at its centre. In October and November Perseus will be visible low on the horizon in the north-east around 8pm, by 3am the constellation will be directly overhead before moving towards the north-western horizon. brightest stars in the Perseus constellation. in the constellation of Perseus, complete New General Catalogue (NGC) Deep sky objects in Perseus - Full list. Listed Below are a few of these particular stars beginning with Perseus’ most renowned star Beta Persei. list of 161 bright stars in the constellation of Perseus, complete list of 152 deep sky objects Little Dumbbell Nebula – Messier 76 (M76, NGC 650 & NGC 651). September is the best time of year to observe a number of interesting deep sky objects located in these constellations. The system is a wide eclipsing binary star, with the two stars orbiting each other every 14.6 years. Check the visibility of Perseus from your location, complete list of Messier, NGC and IC objects in Perseus, complete Delta Persei is a binary star with a visual magnitude of 3.01, approximately 520 light-years distant. In case of very large constellations They are 7,600 and 6,800 light-years distant from each other making them relatively close to each other in space. Within the Perseus Arm lies two open clusters (NGC 869 and NGC 884) known as the Double Cluster. These two are separated by only 0.05 astronomical units (AU)—five percent of the distance between the Earth and Sun; the main dip in brightness arises when the larger fainter companion passes in front of the hotter brighter primary. Rho Persei is classified as a semiregular Mu Cephei type variable star. It belongs to the Perseus family, which includes Andromeda, Auriga, Cassiopeia, … In 1612, Dutch astronomer Petrus Plancius created the constellation Camelopardalis, the Giraffe, from a jumble of faint stars between Ursa Major and Perseus. Although there are many stars within the constellation of Perseus, there are roughly 17 stars that constitute the outline of the constellation. It is about 40 times more massive than the Sun and one of the hottest naked eye stars known. The celestial hero Perseus boarders the constellations Aries and Taurus to the south, Auriga to the east, Cassiopeia to the north, and the Andromeda galaxy to the west. Perseus is one of the 48 constellations described by Ptolemy in the Almagest (A.D. 140). the top 20 Ethiopia’s role in the story of the Almighty God; Maaza Mengiste’s “The … Directly above Perseus is the constellation Cassiopeia, named after the famous Queen in Greek mythology. The star’s traditional name, Gorgonea Tertia, refers to the myth of Perseus and the Gorgons. Gamma Persei is composed of a giant of the spectral type G9 III and a companion star. The brightest component is a blue-white main-sequence star of spectral type B8V, which is 3.5 times as massive and 180 times as luminous as the Sun. Messier, NGC 1275 is the dominant galaxy in the Perseus Cluster. Alpha Persei Cluster (Melotte 20, Collinder 39). It is one of the most difficult objects to observe included in Messier’s catalog. (in fact it extends itself for about 38 degrees across the sky) situated north of the celestial equator. The primary star in the system is classified as a Beta Cephei. It is one of the 48 ancient constellations listed by the 2nd-century astronomer Ptolemy, and is part of the 88 modern constellations defined by the International Astronomical Union (IAU). Iota Persei is a main sequence dwarf of the spectral type G0 V.  It has a visual magnitude of 4.05 and is 34.38 light-years distant from the Sun. It is bordered by Aries and Taurus to the south, Auriga to the east, Camelopardalis and Cassiopeia to the north, and Andromeda and Triangulum to the west. Each cluster contains more than 300 supergiant stars. Perseus follows Cassiopeia … Psi Persei is a main-sequence star belonging to the spectral class B5Ve. The constellation is named for the Greek mythological hero and demigod Perseus, known for slaying the Gorgon Medusa. The x-rays are believed to be the result of the two components’ magnetic fields interacting with the mass transfer, and the radio waves are suspected to have been created by magnetic cycles and the result of the stars’ magnetic fields being up to ten times stronger than that of the Sun. Revised Bright star Catalogue, which is quite large NQ1, the Lizard, was invented in 1690 Polish. 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